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Sometimes Hair Loss in Women Can Point to Bigger Health Issues



By Cara Murez 

HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, March 17, 2023 (HealthDay Information) — Hair loss could be devastating for girls, however the situation can even sign further well being issues.

An American Academy of Dermatology skilled provides details about the varieties of hair loss seen in girls with darker pores and skin tones, frequent varieties of medical circumstances related to hair loss and remedy choices.

“Analysis exhibits that girls who expertise hair loss can even produce other medical circumstances like diabetes, pimples and breast most cancers,” stated Dr. Valerie Callender, professor of dermatology at Howard College Faculty of Medication in Washington, D.C.

“By recognizing the indicators of hair loss and seeing your dermatologist as quickly as potential, you could possibly restrict the development, maintain on to the hair you have got, and uncover every other underlying medical circumstances you could have,” she stated in an academy information launch.

One situation — central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) — causes hair loss within the heart of the scalp. That is the most typical sort of hair loss seen in girls with darker pores and skin tones, affecting practically 15% of Black girls.

Early detection is essential as a result of CCCA may cause scarring by destroying hair follicles. As soon as the hair follicle scars fully, regrowth turns into troublesome and hair loss could be everlasting.

A dermatologist can diagnose this situation and work on a remedy plan, which might embrace antibiotics, topical steroid remedy or corticosteroid injections, providing ache aid and freedom from itching. It may additionally stop scarring from getting worse.

Breast most cancers, excessive ldl cholesterol, diabetes and hypertension are frequent amongst Black girls with CCCA, Callender stated. A dermatologist could possibly present a lady with info on whether or not the hair loss could also be symptom of one other illness.

Feminine sample hair loss can be frequent, affecting hundreds of thousands of ladies of all pores and skin tones.

With this hereditary situation, the hair thins primarily on the highest of the scalp. It often begins with a widening of the middle hair half. Many ladies with feminine sample hair loss even have pimples due to elevated hormones, Callender stated. Menopause and hypertension are additionally frequent as feminine sample hair loss progresses.

A potential remedy for that is minoxidil, which might cut back hair loss, stimulate hair progress and strengthen present strands of hair. You should purchase merchandise containing this on the drug retailer, however a dermatologist could possibly offer you the next dosage out there with a prescription.

Hairkinds that tightly pull the hair may cause traction alopecia, which is frequent in girls with darker pores and skin tones as a consequence of hair styling.

“One of many first issues I ask my sufferers who’ve a historical past of braids is that if it hurts when their hair is braided,” Callender stated. “Getting your hair carried out shouldn’t harm, so if they’ve ache, it’s an indicator that they might be creating traction alopecia.”

An individual can nonetheless keep a way of favor, however with a looser ‘do or by avoiding frequent use of kinds that pull hair.

Elements in hair merchandise are additionally essential, Callender stated. Whereas girls with darker pores and skin tones, significantly these of African descent, have hair that tends to be coarse, dry and fragile, some shampoos for dandruff and different scalp problems can additional dry out hair, resulting in breakage. Shampoos and hair merchandise ought to include components that moisturize hair resembling nutritional vitamins A and E, jojoba oil and shea butter.

“When remedies aren’t efficient to stop hair loss, a everlasting answer is to contemplate a hair transplant, which creates natural-looking outcomes,” Callender stated. “Hair transplants are handiest in sufferers with traction alopecia and feminine sample hair loss. Whereas sufferers with CCCA aren’t at all times preferrred candidates for a hair transplant as a consequence of scarring, it’s potential for them to have success. A board-certified dermatologist can decide if a hair transplant is the best choice.”

Callender is scheduled to make a presentation on hair loss at a gathering of the American Academy of Dermatology, in New Orleans, March 17-21.

Extra info

The Journal of the American Medical Affiliation has extra on frequent causes of hair loss.


SOURCE: American Academy of Dermatology, information launch, March 17, 2023

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Seniors With Few Years Left Often Advised to Get Colonoscopy




March 21, 2023 – More often than not, when a polyp is discovered throughout an older grownup’s colonoscopy, it’s unlikely {that a} regarding polyp or colon most cancers shall be discovered throughout a future surveillance scan. But most sufferers are suggested to repeat the colonoscopy even when they aren’t anticipated to reside very lengthy, a brand new research has discovered. 

“Given the shortage of clear steerage about when to cease colonoscopy in older sufferers, I’m not shocked that physicians suggest surveillance even in sufferers with low life expectancy,” stated Ziad Gellad, MD, MPH, with Duke College Medical Heart in Durham, NC, who was not concerned within the analysis.

“These are nuanced selections that require shared resolution making. It’s not simple to inform sufferers that they’re too outdated to get preventive care, particularly sufferers in whom your solely interplay is the process itself,” Gellad stated. 

Present tips suggest medical doctors and sufferers make selections about repeat colonoscopy in older adults with prior polyps, weighing the potential advantages (figuring out and eradicating significant polyps to forestall most cancers) in opposition to the burdens and potential harms, reminiscent of bleeding.

Whereas most colon polyps will not be dangerous, a subset of polyps, if allowed to develop, have the potential to become most cancers, a metamorphosis that may take 10 to fifteen years. This lengthy timeline highlights the significance of contemplating life expectancy in deciding which sufferers ought to have a repeat colonoscopy.

The brand new research concerned almost 10,000 adults age 65 and older present process surveillance colonoscopy on account of a previous polyp. Fewer than 1 in 10 of those people had been discovered to have superior polyps or colorectal most cancers throughout a repeat colonoscopy. 

But the overwhelming majority (87%) of people whose physician gave a suggestion to cease or proceed colonoscopy had been suggested to return for an additional process sooner or later – even once they had no important colonoscopy findings or restricted life expectancy, together with lower than 5 years. 

In some instances, the advisable time to repeat colonoscopy was better than the person’s life expectancy.

Issues throughout colonoscopies occur to about 26 in each 1,000 folks — almost 10 instances better than the potential advantages as seen of their research by way of figuring out most cancers.

These findings “might assist refine decision-making” in regards to the potential advantages and harms of pursuing or stopping surveillance colonoscopy in older adults with a historical past of polyps, write the investigators, led by Audrey Calderwood, MD, with Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Heart in Lebanon, NH. 

Based mostly on their findings, they suppose older adults anticipated to reside fewer than 5 extra years ought to skip surveillance colonoscopy.  The identical goes for people whose life expectancy is between 5 and fewer than 10 years they usually solely have “low threat” polyps.

For the wholesome senior with a life expectancy of 10 or extra years and up to date “superior” polyps, they recommend the physician present a suggestion for future surveillance colonoscopy with a caveat that the last word resolution relies on well being and priorities on the time the colonoscopy is due.

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After Breast Cancer: Fitness and Nutrition Tips




Once you end therapy for breast most cancers, you may need a mixture of emotions. Going by means of therapy is bodily and mentally exhausting, with many unintended effects from chemotherapy, radiation, surgical procedure, and immunotherapy. As soon as the therapy section is over, is there something you are able to do to spice up your odds of staying cancer-free?

The reply is YES. There’s rather a lot you are able to do in your on a regular basis life — along with taking any meds your physician prescribes to assist stop recurrence and maintaining together with your screenings.

Cancer specialists have lengthy suggested breast most cancers survivors that the identical wholesome way of life habits which have been proven to decrease your likelihood of growing breast most cancers within the first place are additionally prone to lower the chance of breast most cancers recurrence. Up to now, that recommendation was primarily based totally on knowledgeable opinion.

However extra lately, research particularly performed on breast most cancers survivors have added weight to that opinion. These findings counsel that common bodily exercise and a nutritious diet that’s excessive in greens, fruits, entire grains, and beans and low in processed carbohydrates and excessive in fiber can assist guard towards breast recurrence and dying.

You’ve Obtained to Transfer It, Transfer It

Being bodily energetic has clear advantages.

Girls who acquired common bodily exercise earlier than their most cancers analysis and after therapy are much less prone to have their most cancers come again or to die in contrast with those that had been inactive. That’s in accordance with a 2020 research from researchers at Roswell Park Complete Cancer Middle in Buffalo, NY. 

The research targeted on 1,340 girls with breast most cancers and the Division of Well being and Human Providers (HHS) bodily exercise pointers for adults, that are to get no less than 150 minutes of moderate-intensity bodily exercise and a couple of days of muscle-strengthening exercise each week. Within the research, girls who did that had been much less prone to have their most cancers come again than those that had been inactive. Additionally they had been much less prone to die over the two years of the research interval. Even those that had been thought of to be “low energetic,” that means that they got here near assembly the beneficial exercise ranges however didn’t fairly get there, had improved survival, as nicely. 

Fitness Tips for Breast Cancer Survivors

Your physique has been by means of rather a lot – from the most cancers itself to the remedies for it. Nobody is anticipating you to run a marathon until you need to. However don’t underestimate the ability of standard motion.


Begin small. Even a each day 15-minute stroll has advantages. “You don’t need to do plenty of intense exercises to learn,” says Karen Basen-Engquist, PhD, the director of the Middle for Vitality Stability in Cancer Prevention and Survivorship at The College of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Middle. “It may be onerous to start exercising if you’re experiencing fatigue associated to most cancers therapy, however shifting only a small quantity most days can assist you attain the purpose the place you are able to do extra.”

Inform your physician. You could have glossed over the steerage you usually see in health magazines: “Seek the advice of your physician earlier than beginning any train program.” Do not ignore that recommendation this time. Test together with your therapy workforce to see how a lot train they really feel you’ll be able to deal with at this level in your restoration.

Set sensible expectations. In the event you had been working an 8-minute mile earlier than you began chemotherapy, do not count on to have the ability to match that tempo 3 or 4 months after your final dose. And that’s OK.

Do not stress your bones and joints. That is particularly vital if you happen to’ve had bone loss associated to chemotherapy. As an alternative of working or high-impact aerobics, which may add to your danger of fractures, begin with strolling. Or attempt swimming, a no-impact approach to work your muscular tissues and your cardiovascular system.

Pay attention to your potential to steadiness. When you have neuropathy (tingling or numbness) in your ft or palms after chemotherapy, that may have an effect on your steadiness. Watch out about actions the place you may danger falling. As an alternative of working on a treadmill, for instance, you may favor to work out on an train bicycle.

Find time for power coaching. It might make a distinction in your each day life. “Whereas we are able to’t say whether or not or not it improves general survival, the proof exhibits that breast most cancers survivors who do power coaching see enhancements of their fatigue, high quality of life, and bodily functioning,” Basen-Engquist says.

What to Eat: Leafy Greens and Good Carb Consumption

What about meals? The excellent news is that the final ideas of wholesome consuming are additionally useful for breast most cancers survivors.

Two latest research counsel {that a} nutritious diet can assist breast most cancers survivors stay longer. Each research contain information from a couple of quarter of 1,000,000 girls who took half in two giant observational research known as the Nurses’ Well being Research. The research adopted these girls, all of whom had been underneath 55 and cancer-free once they started, for as much as 30 years. By 2011, about 9,000 of the research members had been identified with breast most cancers.

The primary research discovered that girls who ate the best quantities of vegatables and fruits after their breast most cancers analysis had an general decrease danger of dying throughout the course of the research in comparison with those that ate the least quantities. 

When the researchers dug deeper, they discovered that it was leafy greens and cruciferous greens like broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts that had been driving many of the advantages. Girls who ate virtually a full serving of cruciferous greens each day had a 13% decrease danger of dying from any trigger throughout the research, in comparison with those that ate virtually none of those greens. And ladies who ate virtually two servings of leafy greens each day had been 20% much less prone to die, in comparison with those that ate virtually no greens.

Carbs had been key within the second research – particularly, what sorts or forms of carbs girls ate. It discovered that prime glycemic load carbs — those who trigger your blood sugar to spike, like sugary drinks, processed meals like chips and doughnuts, and quick meals like cheeseburgers and french fries — posed an elevated danger. Breast most cancers survivors with excessive glycemic load diets had been extra prone to die of breast most cancers than those that ate decrease glycemic load diets. Additionally they discovered that girls who ate high-fiber diets had a decrease danger of dying than those that ate diets low in fiber.

The underside line: Eat extra fruits, greens, and entire grains. 

“Taken collectively, the analysis suggests that girls identified with breast most cancers might profit from consuming a food regimen excessive in vegatables and fruits and consuming much less quickly digested meals sources, similar to entire grains and non-starchy greens,” says Nigel Brockton, PhD, vice chairman of analysis for the American Institute of Cancer Analysis (AICR). 

And there was excellent news for followers of tofu and edamame: Regardless of previous issues that the estrogen-like properties of soy may contribute to breast most cancers, proof now exhibits that the other is true. “If something, soy has a useful impact and should even scale back the chance of breast most cancers recurrence,” Brockton says.

Sustaining a Wholesome Weight 

Normally, getting common bodily exercise and consuming a nutritious diet can assist maintain you from gaining an excessive amount of weight, one thing that researchers have additionally discovered is vital after breast most cancers. 

“There’s sturdy proof {that a} larger physique mass index after analysis is related to poorer outcomes in breast most cancers,” Brockton says. “Avoiding weight acquire and doing all of your finest to remain at a wholesome weight is vital.”

General, Brockton says that the AICR’s suggestions about food regimen and bodily exercise for most cancers prevention are nonetheless sensible recommendation for breast most cancers survivors to keep away from a recurrence. These embrace:

  • Preserve a wholesome weight.
  • Be bodily energetic.
  • Eat extra entire grains, greens, fruits, and legumes (like beans).
  • Keep away from sugary drinks and restrict your consumption of quick meals and processed meals excessive in fat, starches, and sugars.
  • Restrict purple meats like beef, pork, and lamb.
  • Keep away from processed meats and alcohol.

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Common Chemical Linked to Parkinson’s Disease




March 21, 2023 — Amy Lindberg, a 63-year-old retired Navy captain, developed some disturbing signs 6 years in the past.

“I had nervousness, despair, and cognitive points — ‘mind fog’— they usually didn’t add up for me,” she mentioned. “I’ve a thyroid downside and had gone by way of menopause, however these didn’t appear to be my commonplace thyroid or menopausal issues.” 

Lindberg consulted a neuropsychologist and was identified with gentle cognitive impairment and main depressive dysfunction. 

“However whereas he was assessing me, he requested questions I assumed had been unusual for a psychologist to ask about. He wished to know if I had bother with my sense of scent. He wished to see my arm swing.” 

Lindberg, who additionally had a resting tremor in her proper hand, certainly had some issues with scent and a really restricted arm swing. The psychologist referred her to a neurologist, who identified her with Parkinson’s illness. 

The roots of Lindberg’s illness seemingly lie in a 4-year interval when she was uncovered to trichloroethylene (TCE), a typical chemical that’s present in gun cleaners, cleansing merchandise, and plenty of different business merchandise. In accordance to a brand new paper by a global workforce of scientists, TCE could also be related to as a lot as a 500% elevated danger for Parkinson’s illness.

When Lindberg was in her 20s, she was stationed at Camp Lejeune, a Marine base in North Carolina. “I used to be there between 1984 and 1988 and, unbeknownst to me, I used to be consuming, cooking, and swimming in tainted water.” It has since turn out to be identified that the water at Camp Lejeune had been contaminated by TCE.

Lindberg is certainly one of seven folks whose tales are informed within the researchers’ paper, which additionally comprises a radical evaluate of animal and human research as much as the current day. Taken collectively, the information suggests a disturbing hyperlink between TCE publicity and the event of Parkinson’s, typically many years later.

Unknown Publicity

TCE was created in a lab in 1864, with business manufacturing starting in 1920, the authors wrote.

“Due to its distinctive properties, TCE has had numerous industrial, business, navy, and medical purposes,” together with refrigeration, electronics cleansing, and degreasing engine elements. Till the Nineteen Seventies, it was even used to decaffeinate espresso. It has traditionally been utilized in dry cleansing, though at present the same chemical, perchloroethylene (PCE), is used as a substitute.

Using TCE peaked within the Nineteen Seventies, when it was “ubiquitous,” within the phrases of the authors. About 10 million People labored with it or with related chemical compounds. Though the numbers are decrease at present, a major variety of People nonetheless work together with this poisonous chemical every day.

TCE publicity isn’t confined to those that work with it, because it additionally pollutes outside air, taints groundwater, and contaminates indoor air. It contaminates as much as one-third of U.S. consuming water and is present in half of the 1,300 most poisonous Superfund websites which might be a part of a federal cleanup program, together with 15 in California’s Silicon Valley, the place TCE was used to scrub electronics.

Though the navy has stopped utilizing TCE, the chemical has been discovered on quite a few navy bases, together with Camp Lejeune. From the Fifties to the Nineteen Eighties, 1 million Marines, their households, and civilians who labored or lived on the base had been uncovered to consuming water ranges of TCE and PCE that had been as much as 280 instances larger than what are thought-about to be protected ranges.

“Publicity can come by way of occupation or the atmosphere and is commonly largely unknown on the time it happens,” the lead writer of the scientific paper, Ray Dorsey, MD, professor of neurology on the College of Rochester in New York, mentioned in an interview.

‘Quickest-Rising Mind Disease’

Dorsey calls Parkinson’s “the world’s fastest-growing mind illness.” He mentioned genetic components alone (which have an effect on solely about 15% of individuals with Parkinson’s) can’t clarify the fast rise in new diagnoses. Nor can it’s defined by growing older alone. 

“Sure pesticides … are seemingly causes however wouldn’t clarify the excessive prevalence of PD in city areas, as is the case within the U.S,” he mentioned. Reasonably, different components are concerned, and “TCE is probably going one such issue,” Dorsey mentioned. But regardless of widespread contamination and the way typically the chemical is used, there was little investigation into the hyperlink between TCE and Parkinson’s, he mentioned. 

To fill this hole, Dorsey and his colleagues took a deep dive into research specializing in the potential hyperlink between TCE and Parkinson’s and offered seven circumstances to point out the affiliation.

They reviewed research from way back to 50 years in the past, when the connection between TCE and Parkinson’s was first advised. Since then, analysis in mice and rats has proven that TCE simply enters the mind and physique tissue at excessive doses.

One of many human research the authors examined in contrast the chance of Parkinson’s in twins, the place one twin had been uncovered to TCE whereas the opposite hadn’t. The researchers discovered a 500% elevated danger of Parkinson’s in those that had been uncovered.

“TCE damages the energy-producing elements of cells, the mitochondria,” Dorsey mentioned. The nerve cells which might be notably delicate to TCE’s toxins are those who produce dopamine, a mind chemical that’s decrease in folks with Parkinson’s. “This would possibly partially clarify the hyperlink.”

Public Well being Choices

All the seven folks whose tales had been informed both grew up in or frolicked in a area the place they had been uncovered to TCE, PCE, or related chemical compounds, or they had been uncovered of their work. 

The authors admit that the position of TCE in Parkinson’s is “removed from definitive.” Publicity to TCE is commonly mixed with publicity to different toxins or with unmeasured genetic danger components. 

However they observe that Parkinson’s isn’t the one well being downside linked to TCE. The chemical been linked to miscarriage, many types of most cancers, neural tube defects, and a variety of different situations. 

“Numerous folks have died over generations from most cancers and different ailments linked to TCE, [and] Parkinson’s would be the newest,” Dorsey mentioned. “Banning these chemical compounds, containing contaminated websites, and defending properties, colleges, and buildings in danger might all create a world the place Parkinson’s is more and more uncommon, not widespread.” 

For instance, indoor air publicity could be improved with vapor remediation. And though efforts are underneath strategy to clear and comprise contaminated websites, these efforts must be accelerated. The authors additionally advocate that extra analysis be carried out to assist perceive how TCE contributes to all ailments.

Advocacy Efforts

Brian Grant is without doubt one of the folks included within the paper. As soon as a profitable NBA participant who spent 12 years within the league, Grant developed signs of Parkinson’s on the age of 34 and retired from basketball. He was formally identified 2 years later.

Grant is glad the researchers are shining a highlight on the position of TCE and related chemical compounds in Parkinson’s as a result of he was uncovered to it on the age of three when his father — who was then a Marine — was stationed at Camp Lejeune. His father later died of esophageal most cancers, a illness identified to be related to TCE.

“I do know firsthand how arduous it’s to dwell with PD,” Grant mentioned. “I’ve seen the toll it takes on households and communities.” And Grant is fearful that his youngsters and grandchildren can also get the illness.

“In order I’ve discovered from Dr. Dorsey concerning the analysis that hyperlinks chemical compounds like TCE to PD, I really feel it’s necessary as a result of we are able to do one thing about it. There are issues we are able to do to forestall future generations from getting the illness,” mentioned Grant. 

He has created a basis to “empower folks impacted by PD to steer lively and fulfilling lives.” 

Lindberg additionally volunteers to assist veterans apply for incapacity and well being care advantages offered by the Veterans Administration to these stationed at Camp Lejeune between 1953 and 1987. Parkinson’s is taken into account to be a “presumptive situation” that qualifies for these advantages based mostly on a incapacity ranking scale.

She additionally worries concerning the influence of the contaminated water on her youngsters, particularly since she was pregnant throughout her years at Camp Lejeune. Like Grant, she seeks to make the world a greater place for folks with Parkinson’s. 

“I’m an advocate at native, state, and nationwide ranges,” she mentioned. “I need to enhance the standard of life for folks with PD and stem the tide of how briskly this illness is progressing.”

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